The “Bateria” (battery) is the name given to the drumming section of a samba school.
A samba school’s bateria is made up of a range of percussion based instruments.
The core instruments are:
- Surdo – (three differently pitched drums to provide foundation and bass to the samba)
- Caixa – (similar to and an evolution of the snare drum for samba)
- Repique – (a high pitched drum calling drum)
- Chocalho – (a shaker made of jingles similar to those found on a tambourine, but attached to a frame)
- Agogo – (two or more bells of different pitch, used to provide melody, borrowed directly from its African counterpart)
- Tamborim – (a small high pitched handheld drum, used to provide melody through a series of complex rhythms)
Surdo’s are commonly found in a bateria in three different sizes. The largest two hold the beat between them, with the smallest drum playing more intricate patterns. The shell of the
Caixa de Guerra (Lit. Box of War)
navel level, “em
(Sometimes known as “
Traditionally a pair of bells, but some samba schools use a set of 3 or four bells (Imperio Serrano were the first to use this). The agogo is the instrument that has remained closest to its purest / original form when created in Africa before being brought to Brazil.
The highest pitch instrument and provides swing through its turning properties (
Reco-Reco (similar to guiro), rarely used in samba schools in